Multiple devleopmental pathways for range-margin Pinus banksiana forests

Authors: 

Gill, K.G., D'Amato, A.W. & Fraver, S.

Publication source: 
Canadian Journal of Forest Research
Year: 
2015
Publication image: 
Publication summary: 

Empirical knowledge of forest structure and development in early successional and range-margin populations is often lacking, limiting our ability to effectively model and manage these forests. Such is the case for jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) in central Minnesota, USA, where it reaches its southwestern range limit. Our objective was to quantify this population's historical range of variability of structural onditions and development pathways.

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